Style in the Blitz

Life did not halt during the infamous London Blitz of 1940 and 1941. Nor did women cease to wear fashionable clothes simply because their city was being mercilessly bombed. Although the capital was, at one point, bombed on 57 consecutive nights, the population still continued to get up every morning and go to work, picking their way through the rubble as they did. Likewise, women still styled their hair and put on red lipstick, even though they might have had to rush to an air raid shelter before they were finished! With its relatively sombre colours yet obvious attention to detail, this Polyvore set represents the sober yet stoic mood of the British nation during the Blitz.Style in the Blitz
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Commemorative D-Day Poem: We Paid for the Beach in Blood

The following is a poem I wrote over the last few days, in honour of today’s 70th anniversary of the D-Day landings. I hope that it suitably honours D-Day veterans and their fallen comrades, and reminds today’s population of the monumental sacrifices made on June 6, 1944.

We Paid for the Beach in Blood

With hands clenched and eyes down

And stomachs sick from the sea,

We approached the beaches and soaring cliffs

Of concrete that made up Normandy.

We had to swim the last few yards,

And those ones were the longest;

Wading past bodies of those who fell,

We were the luckiest, not strongest.

Only machineguns welcomed us-

Their zeal made every man shiver

But slowly we began to take the beach

A feat only sacrifice delivered.

Onwards, upwards; up to the cliffs

There was cover there, at least.

But the inheritance from our mates below

Was the grueling push to the east.

So many lives were ended that day

How many? I can’t remember,

Laid out on the altar of Normandy

On the rocks and in the scarlet water.

More plentiful than the dead was our bravery

Forget about love- courage is blind;

It considers not the peril of action

But acts with an iron-willed mind.

The beaches ours, we made it east

And opened the door to the final year,

But not without the will of the dead

Their sacrifice made our path clear.

With strength of thousands and courage of heroes

We took the beach that day

Long, long ago but not so distant-

The wounds don’t go away.

The numbers 6-6-44

Remain forever in my head;

Emblazoned like the shock I saw

On the faces of the dead.

It took us some time; more than we thought

But we fought like a tireless flood.

For all our lives, we won’t forget

How we paid for the beach in blood.

My Thoughts on D-Day

Today we commemorate the 70th anniversary of the Normandy landings of D-Day; June 6, 1944. Out of all Western Front operations, I probably know the most about D-Day, given its pivotal role in the retaking of Europe, and the great cost of its undertaking. In fact, the Normandy landings are likely the most widely-known World War II operation worldwide; the landings have been extensively documented in film, literature, and even popular culture.

D-day Convoy

Convoy of vessels making for Normandy on June 6, 1944. Photo from US Coast Guard Collection of the US National Archives, image # 26-G-2333. Attributed to unknown member of the US Coast Guard

Steven Spielberg’s acclaimed film Saving Private Ryan definitely reminded the world of D-day when it was released in 1998, and since then the film has been lauded as one of the most authentic representations of what the real landings were truly like. Medal of Honour: Allied Assault, a 2002 video game, also depicts the landings. This added to my knowledge of June 6 as I watched my brother complete the game many years ago, and later as I tackled the game myself.

I learned much more about D-Day thanks to a trip to England three years ago. It was there that I discovered UKTV’s wonderful channel Yesterday, which at that time broadcast mostly historical programs and documentaries. Since I was in England in early June, Yesterday featured many programs on D-Day, with which I was enthralled.

One program featured interviews with a surviving member of the US contingent, who landed on Omaha Beach. Omaha was one of the most stringently defended sectors of coastline, and the American troops who landed there faced heavy gunfire and suffered many casualties. The veteran featured in the program told how, as he advanced onto the beach under brutal fire from the Germans’ machineguns, with his comrades being cut down around him, he did an awful lot of praying. Of course, in the long run, the Allies overcame the Germans, taking the beaches and eventually winning the war. After the war, this veteran happened to meet a German who had been a machinegunner in a bunker at Omaha. They shared their experiences and became friends, and the German related how he had been terrified during the American onslaught, and had been praying too. The American veteran told the interviewer, rather wryly, that it had been a horrible day for both sides, and that the irony was that they had both been praying to the same God.

Advance on Omaha

This image easily shows the frenzy and urgency of the Americans’ advance on Omaha. Image from http://www.bbc.co.uk via Wikimedia Commons. Attributed to capca

German Bunker Omaha

Imagine what the German defenders would have seen from bunkers like this one, as thousands of American troops spilled onto the beach. Image from en.wikipedia via Wikimedia Commons. Attributed to Nilington

Another, rather lighter, story from Yesterday‘s programming that stuck with me was the D-Day crossword scare. In the month or so before D-Day was to take place, the Daily Telegraph newspaper’s crosswords featured numerous clues whose answers were D-Day codewords. For example, the words Utah and Omaha, the beaches reserved for the Americans, were included; as were the words Neptune and Overlord (codenames for the naval operation and entire operation, respectively). Such a seemingly impossible coincidence was treated as some sort of espionage, and Leonard Dawe, the crossword compiler, was arrested and interrogated.

Finally, MI5 and the authorities decided that Dawe was innocent. But it was not until 40 years later that the reason (at least most of it) behind the clues became public. Dawe, as the headmaster of a school, often let his pupils fill in blank crosswords with words that he would later create clues for. But the school was next to a camp of soldiers awaiting D-Day, and security was perhaps not what it should have been- thus, many soldiers and schoolboys got talking, and the schoolboys picked up many of Overlord’s codewords. More information about this rather unsettling episode can be found here: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/1460892/D-Day-crosswords-are-still-a-few-clues-short-of-a-solution.html.

Even here in Canada, there are things that remind me of D-Day. For example, the Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum owns a B-25 Mitchell bomber painted with invasion stripes. I’ve seen this plane many times, and it is a beautiful example and also a meaningful reminder of Operation Overlord and its many pieces. This Operation had a staggering complexity and wove together the strength of mainly British, Canadian, and American troops; as well as airborne, naval, and ground forces.

B-25 D-Day Stripes

B-25 Mitchell of Canadian Warplane Heritage; in RAF livery and invasion stripes. Image from Wikimedia Commons. Attributed to Hpulley4

Even in months other than June, hearing about D-Day and Normandy makes me quite emotional. Watching programs on the landings invariably gives me chills. Operation Overlord was massive in scale, involving over 1.5 million Allied troops and 1 million Axis troops at the peak of its conflict- making it an event of astounding magnitude. It was also just as huge in its cost- over 225,000 Allied troops, 400,000-450,000 Axis, and up to 40,000 French civilians lost their lives. These losses make it an event that must never, ever be forgotten. I hope that everyone will remember the June 6 of 70 years ago today, as well as the ramifications that followed. Not only that, we should also remember all the veterans who participated in this defining part of the war. 7 decades is a long time, and we must ensure that we remember their contributions and their legacy as time continues to move on.

D-DAY: THE LEADUP

D-Day Briefing

Members of the 6th Airborne Division being briefed for D-Day. Image from Imperial War Museum, number H 39089. Attributed to Capt. E.G. Malindine of the War Office

 

Pas de Calais, Atlantikwall, Panzersperren

Example of the antitank defences on the Normandy beaches. Attribution: Bundesarchiv, Bild 101I-719-0240-05/Jesse/CC-BY-SA

D-Day Hedgehogs

Close-up of the ugly metal tank defences- which likely actually aided the infantry storming the beaches, by providing some cover. Image from Wikimedia Commons. Attributed to unknown member of the US Coast Guard

DURING THE OP

Landings_at_St_Aubin-sur-Mer

British troops land at Juno Beach. Image from Imperial War Museum, number B 5218. Attributed to unknown author

Utah Seawall D-Day

Americans on Utah Beach make their way over the seawall. Image from the US Navy, number SC 190062. Attributed to unknown member of the Army Signal Corps

HMS Belfast D-Day

The HMS Belfast (now a museum ship docked in the Thames) firing on German positions. Image from Imperial War Museum, number A 24325. Attributed to Lt. C.H. Parnall

British Infantry Sword D-Day

Infantry of the 2nd Army, awaiting their chance to get off Sword Beach. Image from Imperial War Museum, number B 5091. Attributed to unknown author

Horsa Gliders D-Day

Airspeed Horsa gliders in Normandy, having landed semi-successfully. Image from Imperial War Museum, number CL 59. Attributed to unknown author

AFTERMATH

Normandy D-Day Supplies

Ships unloading supplies after gaining control of the beaches. Image from en.wikipedia. Attributed to an unknown member of the US Coast Guard

101st Airborne D-Day

Members of the 101st Airborne pose proudly with a captured Nazi flag. Image from Wikimedia Commons. Attributed to unknown member of the US Army

Omaha Wounded

The wounded of Omaha beach. Image from the National Archives USA. Attributed to Taylor

German Prisoners Normandy

German prisoners captured by Canadian forces, 7 June 1944. Image from Imperial War Museum, number B 5144. Attributed to Lt. Handford

Omaha Now

Remnants of the Germans’ Atlantic Wall fortifications exist on the beaches even today. Image from Wikimedia Commons. Attributed to Urban

Normandy American Cemetery

The endless crosses of Normandy American Cemetery and Memorial in the rain. Image from Wikimedia Commons. Attributed to Luke M. Curley

La Cambe German Cemetery

La Cambe German Cemetery, where over 21,000 former German servicemen are buried. Image from Wikimedia Commons. Attributed to Bjarki Sigursveinsson

Bayeaux Cemetery

Bayeux War Cemetery holds the graves of soldiers of many nationalities; British, German, Canadian, Russian, Australian, and many more. Image from Wikimedia Commons. Attributed to K72ndst

Bretteville-sur-Laize Cemetery

The touching inscription on the memorial at Bretteville-sur-Laize Canadian cemetery. Image from Wikimedia Commons. Attributed to Russell McKenzie

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

London Springtime: Part Three

Springtime in London, sooner or later, generally means rain. But this isn’t such a bad thing- after all, umbrellas can add a certain charm to any outfit, and London has no shortage of fascinating indoor attractions that can be enjoyed when the weather isn’t quite so friendly. Furthermore, the capital’s skyline is really beautiful shrouded in cloud and fog. It gets a sort of dreamy quality that is at odds with the never-ending bustle of the streets; and when the sky is nothing but a flat grey canvas, it’s almost as if London is all that exists. It’s very special. On my May 2012 trip to London with my dad and brother, we had only one day that was like this, and we enjoyed it as much as all the other sunny days.

Danubius View

View from our room at the Danubius Hotel Regents Park, with the featureless cloudy sky prominent

Nothing could be more comforting on a grey London day than a pub lunch and a pint, so on this particular day we took a train from Waterloo Station to Hampton Court in order to eat at the Albion pub. Located on a charming little street about 5 minutes from Hampton Court Palace, the Albion is a wonderful pub. The atmosphere is cosy and traditional, and I always find the food fantastic- on this occasion, I ordered Chicken Kiev while my companions went for the classic Bangers and Mash. Both dishes were very well-received. But most importantly, the Albion serves Fuller’s London Pride, which is my beer of choice!

Albion

The Albion

After our lunch, we went back to the station to catch a train back to Waterloo. Before embarking, however, we took advantage of a cupcake shop located at the station, and each bought a gourmet cupcake to enjoy on the journey back! The Waterloo-Hampton Court rail journey offers some interest of its own, and some famous London landmarks are visible from the train.

Docklands from Train

The Docklands, with “Canary Wharf” (the pyramid-topped building) visible in centre

Tower Bridge from Train

Tower Bridge, and the A100 road that crosses over it

Church from Train

A charming church, one of many that exist in Greater London

Shard from Train

The Shard, which is currently the tallest building in the European Union

The Shard 2

This striking building was still under construction in May 2012

Our train journey also afforded some intriguing sights of Greater London- glimpses of Edwardian residential areas, overgrown allotments, and nostalgic-looking town centres.

Residential from Train

Semidetached homes around the Surbiton area

Street from Train

It looks like there’s a pub on the left side of this picturesque street!

We also went through Wimbledon- that meant great excitement for me, since I am a huge tennis fan and I eagerly await every late June because of the famous and prestigious tournament. One can’t see the Wimbledon tennis courts from the train, but the tracks do go past the Centre Court shopping centre, which always amuses me.

Centre Court from Train

In all, the trip from Waterloo to Hampton Court (or back again) takes about 30 minutes, which makes it an easy way to reach central London from the southwestern outskirts. That’s quite convenient for me, since it means it’s never too difficult to pop down to the Albion whenever I’m in London! Once we were back at Waterloo, half of the day still remained, so we made our way to Tower Bridge. But that’s another post! Watch out for Part Four of this series for some breathtaking aerial (or close to it!) views of London in the rain!